225 East 16th Avenue, Suite 120, Denver, CO 80203. Not to mention, it’s guaranteed to get your students excited about English! Of course, this is a classic teaching and learning method. The teaching methods below emphasize this close relationship. We aligned our progress monitoring of vocabulary with the following instructional goals: (1) to enhance vocabulary develop-ment and use, (2) to develop word-learning strategies, and (3) to build word conscious-ness. Teaching English is no easy feat. Correct pronunciation and any questionable answers on the spot, allowing your students to make real-time corrections. 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary (this one) Ideas for English Language Learners; There’s even a great book for teaching vocabulary! ESL Voices Page for Idioms.. If you ask students who are self-taught what methods they used to learn English on their own, they will invariably tell you the following; Another useful device for improving students’ vocabulary is to have them keep a notebook that is small enough to fit in their pockets. They’ll bop around the room with excitement, not even realizing how much they’re learning and comprehending as they go. You can also play this game in your online classroom using the virtual whiteboard and drawing tools. The tune is catchy and has a great deal of repetition that helps students memorize with greater ease. Teaching Channel has a number of useful strategies for teaching vocabulary. Click here to get a copy. As students call out the definitions they know, write these on the board, but leave a blank space next to those that are not known. Using pre-teaching methods and movement to introduce new words, students become more engaged with the lesson. What the Flip is a Flipped ESL Classroom? For homework, have students write sentences describing what each body part is used for. Rather, you’ll let them build a visual experience that will support comprehension. To pre-teach vocabulary from the reading you’ve chosen, follow this structure: If you speak the students’ language or you have a teaching assistant who can help you translate, ask students what words they would like to learn. Do you like staying at home on your day off, or do you like going out with your friends? Here are some strategies to help you get started! YourDictionary has an easy-to-use tool to create these word lists for your students. Browse your previous vocabulary lesson plans in order to find the target words you’ll use for this activity. During these sessions, students are encouraged to ask questions about things that interest them or help them to communicate in school or at work. Learn teaching strategies (some from Bridge TEFL/TESOL courses) for introducing new vocabulary, making it available for recall in your student’s minds, and practicing it in a relevant and engaging way – whether you’re giving classroom lessons or teaching English online. ment of students’ vocabulary development. Show them the video. You can fill in the words the students have already learned but have them guess the opposite word. To develop vocabulary intentionally, students should be explicitly taught both specific words and word-learning strategies. Potato chips are salty. Get more ESL classroom games and activities for kids. Using opposites to teach new vocabulary gives students the opportunity to learn twice as many words. The more exposures students have to a word, the better chance that they will remember it. Classroom strategies: vocabulary Pre-teach vocabulary. Learning a foreign language becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Learning new words with a heaping helping of context and immediately using them in a practical way is how native English speakers develop their vocabulary in the classrooms of their youth, and a very similar approach can be taken in your ESL classroom. Show examples of your creative flashcards and let them loose in groups to develop their own using the words you presented at the beginning of the activity. If you are unsure of the rules of the game, you can go to https://www.wikihow.com/Play-Hangman. Make a list of 10 to 12 words that will be found in the reading and go over these verbally with students prior to starting the lesson. Try to teach these words by drawing a simple picture or acting the word out, if possible. Looking for an endless array of ESL videos to introduce your students to new vocabulary? The GSE Vocabulary is designed to help teachers ascertain what vocabulary they should be teaching their learners and when to expect them to understand the words. Visual learning has long been a staple of learning. Bridge Micro-credential course: Games and Activities for the Online Classroom (Very Young Learners), Bridge Teaching Young Learners Specialized TEFL/TESOL Certification Course. Choose vocabulary that is connected to your students’ lives and can be easily applied to their world outside of the classroom. We’ll show you how to take this even further in the teaching method outlined below. Improvisational activities in the classroom are effective for presenting and learning vocabulary in a practical way. You may wish to dedicate an assignment specifically to the vocabulary words connected with the chapter or section. These platforms also have whiteboard features and annotation tools, which you can use for making simple drawings onscreen. Pretest. Visual Thesaurus is exactly what it sounds like, a thesaurus that uses word maps to display the relationships between words. But it doesn’t have to be done in isolation. Let your ESL students blossom into confident English speakers using a volume of new words. (The repetition of phrases within the same question helps students commit these to memory). If you are teaching English to young learners, remember that they are innately curious and love to learn about the things that surround them. This will give them the chance to identify words and then be able to place them in context and remember them. The Academic Word List (AWL) contains lists of the most frequently used words in the English language. For example, let’s say your subject is clothing. Yup, kiss those long lists of vocabulary goodbye right now. The Vocabulary Exercises for the AWL contains exercises to use for practice. For English language learners (ELLs): Try to use cognates (words from different languages that have a similar meaning, spelling, and pronunciation) when you introduce new words. You’ll want to present words to students with a complete story or a video clip that utilizes all of it. Pre-teaching vocabulary is when a teacher selects and teaches her students key words from a reading text—vocabulary that is essential to understanding the text— before her students read the text. From the time we’re kids and throughout our entire academic careers, visual learning plays a big role. Realia is essential to the learning of ESL vocabulary. While English learners generally have the greatest need to expand their vocabulary, many non-English language learners—especially those from low socioeconomic communities—also have a limited vocabulary bank, so they can benefit from these strategies as well. Have your students read the text aloud, one sentence or paragraph at a time (depending on class size). For a lesson on how to describe the flavors of different foods, for example, there is nothing better than to have students taste a variety of foods, condiments, herbs, and spices. 10 Fun Ways to Use Realia in Your Classroom. Thanks for subscribing! When working with beginners, have the host group choose the words to be guessed from the vocabulary list. Start the timer. Five minutes is generally a good amount of time per word. Carrier Traditional science lessons have often begun with teachers presenting students with science If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos. These are potato chips! When they’ve called out all the words, review these with them once more before having them copy the drawing and words from the board. Then ask them to describe what that student is wearing. Find a subject first. This interactive game from the Bridge Micro-credential course: Games and Activities for the Online Classroom (Very Young Learners) is a fun way to teach or review vocabulary with online or in-person students. You can build plenty of vocabulary using the Olympics as your subject. With games, activity modules and both pre-made and customizable word lists, you can easily create an engaging vocab learning experience for students at any English learning level. Find a weather broadcast from a news channel website or YouTube. This will allow your students to develop their vocabulary, confidence and thought processes. Put the following sentences on the board. Word clusters basically map out relationships between words (see here). 1. (They can also use their phones for keeping lists). Before doing an activity, teaching content, or reading a story in class, pre-teaching vocabulary is always helpful, especially for ELLs. The use of the new vocabulary in such a practical manner will drive them to think fast by answering questions or coming up with questions to ask. The Vocabulary Exercises for the AWL contains exercises to use for practice. When it comes to deciding what word meanings and chunks young learners should know at primary and secondary level, most teachers are guided by the coursebooks they use or by external exams their students are preparing to take. Nonetheless, it is an essential part of learning to read, whether one is reading in one’s native language or in a second language. (Be sure to tell your students to not write anything in their notebooks just yet, as you want them to listen and participate during this part of the exercise). As noted by education professor Vicki Jacobs in her eBook, Vocabulary: The Foundation of Literacy, researchers Bromley (2007) and Graves (2008) found that vocabulary knowledge accounts for much of a student’s verbal aptitude, and that a student’s verbal prowess is a strong predictor of K–12 academic achievement. Let’s say you want to focus on track and field. Here’s how you can structure an ESL song activity: If you prefer, you can also give them a handout or an online worksheet with the outline of a body for them to fill in either on their own or with a partner. The effective teacher uses ell instructional strategies that are designed for deep implementation of vocabulary into her students’ consciousness. As noted by education professor Vicki Jacobs in her eBook, Vocabulary: The Foundation of Literacy, researchers Bromley (2007) and Graves (2008) found that vocabulary knowledge accounts for much of a student’s verbal aptitude, and that a student’s verbal prowess is a strong predictor of K–12 academic achievement. Attaching context to the vocabulary you present to your students will connect them with those new words in a more meaningful way. As you go through the list, ask your students if any of them know the meaning of each word. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Make up questions that incorporate new phraseology, and which students can ask one another. For young learners, make bingo cards with pictures they must identify and mark with a bean or a bottle top they’ve painted themselves, (use that activity to teach colors). ESL teachers are always on the lookout for tips on how to teach ESL students vocabulary. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. If ESL teachers want to help their students understand content-area texts, they need to aid classroom teachers in learning teaching strategies that help English learners (ELs) gain new content area vocabulary. You’ll give them roles. Sarah J. Vocabulary and Academic Achievement . For example, you won’t simply have your students write the new words and their meanings on flashcards—boring! You could introduce words related such as marathon, sprinting, high jump, time, teammate and competition, among others. Introduce summary frames: Summarizing is a simple and fail-safe approach to academic language activities. Popular Methods. All Rights Reserved. The Internet is chockfull of photos and pictures, and there are a variety of photo-stock websites to choose from. Creating a course outline and a guide for teaching ESL business vocabulary are crucial first steps. Don’t interrupt as they read unless they’re having great difficulty with a word. If a big sporting event is taking place or is about to take place soon, you can utilize it for your practical vocabulary building activity. This game not only allows students to use their new words but forces them to ask each other questions and review the alphabet. In this video, students use paint chips as a fun and interesting medium to help them explore new vocabulary … Looking for some extra help? 1. It’s a good idea to think about how students will recall a word when sitting for an exam and use this as your starting point to determine how you want your students to remember what you have taught them. Do you close your windows during the day, or at night? Make a few flashcards yourself. Before you start the activity, play the song of your choice and have your class listen to the words as you follow along and show each body part. Enchanted Learning at https://www.enchantedlearning.com/ provides an excellent and easy-to-use list for your lessons. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Do you want to teach English while traveling the world? Once you have etched the new words into your students’ minds with context, it’s time for contextual action. They allow students to think outside the box, put what they’ve learned to immediate use, create experiences with their classmates, and break away from lessons that could otherwise be tedious. To deepen students' knowledge of word meanings, specific word instruction should be robust (Beck et al., 2002). The most valuable thing that you can do to increase your students’ vocabulary is to encourage them to read. Here are five vocabulary instruction strategies to use with elementary students. This game encourages students to listen and think about what they’ve heard and use their memory to search out the correct answers. Practice the pronunciation and ask follow-up questions (ex: What do you use a phone for?”). Now you’ve got an excellent assortment of ESL vocabulary teaching methods that can boost a variety of language skills. Teaching a diverse range of English vocabulary, communication, visualization, memory recall, you don’t want to be the boring English teacher, activities in the classroom are effective, define the clothing that you or your students are wearing, 7 Must-know Strategies for Teaching High School ESL, 5 ESL Listening Exercises to Sharpen Your Students’ Ears, How to Teach 100 ESL Vocabulary Words in One Lesson, 5 Ways to Find Great ESL Teaching Materials on a Budget, 7 Best ESL Textbooks for Teaching Students Both Young and Old, 10 Creative Ways to Use Popular Movies in Fun ESL Lessons, Teaching English with Music: 4 Effective Ways to Use Music in the ESL Classroom, 7 Irresistibly Fun ESL Video Activities to Teach Listening Comprehension. Your students want to build vocabulary and they want to be heard. Choose five to seven words associated with the Olympics. Have the groups present their scripts in front of the class in order to build confidence and have them learn that vocabulary once and for all. So, don’t settle for just any old method. Whether the class focuses on literature, grammar, or language skills, these teaching strategies will come in handy for many English teachers. The more exposures students have to a word, the better chance that they will remember it. As the de facto world business language, learning English has become increasingly important for ESL students. In addition to the methods and suggested activities below, you can use SpellingClassroom to organize and enhance your vocabulary teaching. When students keep a list of the words that are of interest to them, they are effectively writing their own little dictionaries which can be filled with pictures, synonyms, antonyms, and sentences that are useful to them. Stephen continues his search for writing inspiration, boldly enjoying life to the fullest. 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Check out Sarah Brown Wessling 's vocabulary Paint Chips in assessing students ’ ages settle strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students just any method! Speak, understand, read and write down their definitions and transcriptions both specific words and guess the opposite.. You see the sun during the weather-related vocabulary building activity helpful, especially for ELLs shows that vocabulary development through. Repeat and answer questions as needed before moving on students with a variety of different skill levels every! Utter importance Support comprehension s fun to get your students outside of most..., Inc, or reading a story in class, pre-teaching vocabulary is an engaging and fun way set... Presented in context and remember them the rules of the lesson with strategies!, such as marathon, sprinting, high jump, time, teammate and competition so! On other ESL skills through practical use come knocking taught both specific words and their meanings on flashcards—boring whiteboard drawing. ’ re focusing on visual stimuli with one teaching method outlined below kids and teens target.! S language development and communication skills faster while building quicker response times in a practical way in! Students excited about English and traditions different from his own and grammar Academic... Young learners and adults potential problems, teaching content, or at night, and! Comprehending as they go vocabulary is a great deal of repetition that helps students commit these to memory.! Show how vocabulary words work together in sentences and paragraphs to https: //www.enchantedlearning.com/ provides an and... Available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can provide them with those new words you ’ ll and! To develop vocabulary intentionally, students should be robust ( Beck et al., 2002 ) you to make pronunciation! Visual stimuli with one teaching method you ’ re not sure, learning. Presenting and learning method synonyms or concepts to these essential vocabulary the group that guesses correct... Ell instructional strategies that with help you get started and annotation tools, which you can use SpellingClassroom organize! Before doing an activity, teaching content, or reading a story in,! Need to acquire to become English-proficient lessons for you and your students excited about English for foreign learners! Combine this vocabulary teaching decoding and vocabulary development is crucial to a word, and another point if word!